Monthly Archives: May 2017

Get A Job In Computer Forensics

Computer Forensics is a highly specialized area where investigators are charged for uncovering or fighting cyber crime for law enforcement agencies. These professionals spend most of their time working on computers, either in an office or digital laboratory setting. A computer forensics expert is mostly meant to work on digital artifacts such as computer systems, hard drives, CD’s and several other storage devices, electronic documents and files like emails, JPEG images, etc.

Job Description

Like I said before, a computer forensics investigator is a trained professional who works with law enforcement agencies as well as private firms to retrieve all the missing information from the computers or any other electronic device. Being an analyst, you need to work within the law enforcement and he or she can also be tested the security of a private company’s information system. In addition to this, as a computer forensics expert, you also need to carry the excellent working knowledge of all aspects of the world of computers. And if you are seriously thinking about making a career in this field, then always remember that patience and the willingness to work long hours is well suited for this position.

Job Duties

During any criminal investigation, an analyst recovers and examines data from computers and electronic devices in order to use the data as evidence in criminal prosecutions. In case of any damage to the equipment, the computer forensics expert should be capable enough to dismantle and rebuild the system in order to recover the lost data.

When all this is done, you need to write up the technical report detailing how the evidence was discovered and all steps were taken during the retrieval process.

How To Make A Career In Computer Forensics

Gain a degree

In order to become an investigator, you should at least have a bachelor’s degree to enter the field. More and more colleges are offering undergraduate and graduate degrees in the specialties such as specialties of Computer Forensics where you can gain skills needed in both the investigation and computer use.

Find a job

Computer Forensics jobs can be found in all levels of law enforcement agencies. Starting from smaller agencies such as city police departments with larger ones l

e homeland security offices, National security agency, will have a growing need for these investigations. So approach them and get a job.

Advance your career with experience

Now basically there are two ways of learning, once you can learn by learning and secondly, you can learn by doing. It’s time to explore the second way, i.e. advance your career by practicing computer forensics investigation. Moreover, you can even start your own consulting agency or private practices.

Secure Is Your Operating System

The security implemented in an operating system and accounts always has a level of vulnerability. Most security measures are feel good methods. Username and passwords, for example, represent single level authentication, identifying who you are, the username and proof that you are who you are, the password. It is said for modern security protocols to require the username to be unique and the password to have a minimum of 16 characters and a random combination of uppercase, lowercase, numbers and special characters to be utilized. 16 digits the extent of the average person to remember their own passwords. With the growing technological advancements of computer processing power, such passwords will eventually be capable of being broken in shorter amounts of time, eventually making them completely useless. Most operating systems store username and password combinations as hash algorithms in specific files that can be viewed as plain text, resulting in the need for passwords to be ultimately obsolete.

Stating those facts does not mean “So, why bother?” with username and passwords. Passwords do stop the average person from gaining access and some level of security is better than no level of security. There, of course, are other ways to better secure your operating systems, preventing the method mentioned here from being capable of being utilized. Data at rest encryption, for example, is an option at the operating system level. This means a decryption process must occur prior to the operating system boot.

2 factor and 3-factor authentication also increase the security level of your operating system. CAC (Common Access Cac) cards, commonly utilized by the DoD and other government agencies are a prime example of 2-factor authentication. The first factor, requiring the card itself that maintains encrypted certificates to identify who you are and who you say you are, plus the second factor of a pin as secondary proof.

Computer Repairs & Its Importance

If you are not fully aware of it, know the essential details of repair and maintenance before you hire a service and verify the needs with your available resources.

Check if service provider is endorsed by manufacturers’ certification

Some computer repairs facilities enjoys their manufacturers’ endorsement as preferred service providers. Check if the service provider you have selected is an authorized and preferred counter for computer repairs. Also check if the technicians working there have done their course on computer repairing. As computers are getting complex every day, only trained technicians can manage repairing job with professional proficiency. Specifically you should ask if the repair facility is equipped enough to offer servicing for the brand of computer you are working with. For example, if you are using Dell, check if the technicians are Dell certified.

Faster turnaround time

When you need repairing service support, it is obvious that you want to get the job done fast. You need to clarify with the repair facility if they can get their job done in short turnaround time. Before speaking to your shortlisted vendor, you also need to check at random with other repair shops about the average repair time and accordingly evaluate if your vendor is offering the right turnaround time. Alternatively, ask your service provider if they are capable to offer you one-day repair service.

On site repairing support

Although computer and laptops are portable, but it always wise to call an onsite support service because it saves time and you need not to take away your system out of your premise. Ask your repair service provider if they can offer you on site service: it will be a better option for you.

Service warranty is a must thing

Before you find and finalize your computer repair service provider, check if they offer you service warranty. Unless service warranty is offered, there is high chance that service quality of your vendor can be compromised. Additionally check if the company offers replace guarantee of spare parts if anything they damage during repair work. According to market standard, repair facilities offer 6-12 months warranty; without service warranty long term cost efficiency of your computer maintenance may not stand profit yielding.

Service charge should be affordable

Service charge and its affordability is one of the vital factors for selecting a vendor for computer repairs and maintenance. Check the service charge for the repair jobs proposed by your vendor. Unless it is moderate and justified, in the long run, it might get difficult for you to use a costly service. Also check if the service provider is available 24×7 because you do not know when you may need the support.

The computer forensics market

Computer forensics which refers to analysis and reporting of digital data for a legal purpose is the most prominent market within the overall digital forensic market. Computer forensics have become much dynamic in the field of cyber-crime, to perform a structured investigation, in order to detect hidden facts for accurate investigation results. A variety of techniques are used by investigators to inspect and search hidden, encrypted or deleted files or folders.

Computer forensics have gained wide-popularity in developed regions such as North America and Europe owing to technological advancements and increased cyber-crime rates. While, rise in corporate fraud has increased the demand for computer forensics. The UK and other European countries such as Italy and Germany, have observed an increasing trend for computer forensics as the various industries in the region have become more aware about safety and security of their data. Consequently, manufacturers are exploring innovative products and services to strengthen their market presence and meet the growing demand. Computer forensics have also gained popularity in developing countries such as India and China owing to the increased piracy threats and cyber-crimes, coupled with increased governments expenditure in digitalization of sectors such as banking, law enforcement, defense, and information technology, among others. Rise in disposable income and increase in the number of educated consumers have also supplemented the growth of the market in the region.

The recommendation of computer forensics as a necessity for proper investigation by government organizations, has rapidly increased their adoption rate in both developed and developing economies. For instance, in order to maintain integrity, the governments of different countries in regions such as China and Brazil among others have formed new regulations that are based on the access to data and penalty in the case of modification of data or wrong entry in data records.

To compete with established players, other manufacturers such as Paraben Corporation, Binary Intelligence, and Digital Detectives, among others plan to develop new computer forensic tools to gain consumer attraction and increase their market share. However, the major players in the market such as, Access Data Group Inc., Guidance Software, Inc., and LogRhythm Inc. have been utilizing economies of scale to meet the rising demand for computer forensic. The established brands have adopted product launch, partnerships, and business expansion as their growth strategy to strengthen their foothold in the market. For instance, in February 2015, Access Data Group Inc. announced the development of newly improved software version Summation 5.6, which provides case assessment, processing of comprehensive data, and management, final review and transcript management. The main aim of this product launch was to reveal the enhanced feature of this software among consumers, to gain popularity in the market. However, rising complexity of mobile devices and increased utilization of cloud based applications may hamper the growth of digital forensics market.

Geographically, North America has emerged as the largest market for digital forensics. Increase in cyber-crime rates and technological advancement make this region favorable for growth in the forecast period. However, Asia-Pacific is projected to have the maximum growth rate in the digital forensics market driven by increase in cyber-crimes and rise in consumer awareness in developing countries such as China and India.